@article {Burley:January 2006:1475-472X:1,
author = "Burley, Casey L.",
author = "Brooks, Thomas F.",
author = "Rozier, Kristin Y.",
author = "van der Wall, Berend",
author = "Richard, Hughes",
author = "Raffel, Markus",
author = "Beaumier, Philippe",
author = "Delrieux, Yves",
author = "Lim, Joon W.",
author = "Yu, Yung H.",
author = "Tung, Chee",
author = "Pengel, Kurt",
author = "Mercker, Edzard",
title = "Rotor wake vortex definitionevaluation of 3-C PIV results of the HART-II study",
journal = "International Journal of Aeroacoustics",
volume = "5",
year = "January 2006",
abstract = "An evaluation is made of extensive three-component (3-C) particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements within the wake across a rotor disk plane. The model is a 40 percent scale BO-105 helicopter main rotor in forward flight simulation. This study is part of the HART II test program conducted in the German-Dutch Wind Tunnel (DNW). Included are wake vortex field measurements over the advancing and retreating sides of the rotor operating at a typical descent landing condition important for impulsive blade-vortex interaction (BVI) noise. Also included are advancing side results for rotor angle variations from climb to steep descent. Using detailed PIV vector maps of the vortex fields, methods of extracting key vortex parameters are examined and a new method was developed and evaluated. An objective processing method, involving a center-of-vorticity criterion and a vorticity "disk" integration, was used to determine vortex core size, strength, core velocity distribution characteristics, and unsteadiness. These parameters are mapped over the rotor disk and offer unique physical insight for these parameters of importance for rotor noise and vibration prediction.",
pages = "1-38(38)",
url = "http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/mscp/ijaa/2006/00000005/00000001/art00001"
doi = "doi:10.1260/147547206775220434"